Planning and arranging manufacturing machinery, equipment and services for the first time in new plants; 2. For example, battleships are not produced on an assembly line. Therefore specialization in supervision is difficult. Disadvantages of Product Layout : 1 Lesser flexibility: As work is carried in sequence and process arranged in a line, it is very difficult to make adjustments in production of operations. This eventually results in wastage of time as well as money.
The production line should ideally be designed to eliminate waste in material flows, inventory handling and management. The span of control can be narrow, and coordination difficult. Besides, furnishing them, providing heating, air conditioning, and lighting the cubicles also require a lot of money. Advantages of Process Layout : 1 Maximum utilisation of machines: This method ensures fuller and effective utilisation of machines and consequently investment in equipment and machines becomes economical. Smooth flow of production — Raw materials and workers have access to each machine without any difficulty and delay. Also, since workers are responsible for their cells' output, more autonomy and job ownership is present.
Because the process layout requires one worker or a small team to complete the entire task, the workflow is generally not as fast nor as smooth as it is with the product layout. Lesser work-in-progress: Since the production process is continuous and uninterrupted, work-in-progress is less. This increases material handling and the associated costs. In , process layout is a design for the floor of a plant which aims to improve by arranging equipment according to its function. Disadvantages of Process Layout In spite of the various advantages, process layout suffers from the following demerits: 1. Combined or Mixed Plant Layout. If a company has a few workers who are trained on and frequently using certain machines, that could mean a lot of down time or waiting for employees involved in other parts of the production process.
Giving workers one job to perform repeatedly reduces potential mistakes in the product assembly. Productivity and human relationship are all affected by the arrangements of the conversion facilities. The manufacturing operations take a longer period than under the product layout. However, the quality of the final product in a process layout is usually better than with the product layout. Moreover, the fitting of individual workspaces and construction of panels or walls that isolate the cubicles is also very expensive. Possibility of Division of Labour and Specialization There is maximum utilization of the skill and talent of the workers in process layout because the work is divided into different parts and each department is allotted with a particular part of the work.
Process or functional layout, C. Equipment utilization rates in process layout are frequently very low, because machine usage is dependent upon a variety of output requirements. . The process of production, planning and control becomes more complex and costly. A few sound principles of plant layout have been briefed as under.
In a low-rate or medium-rate production facility, a process layout may be a more efficient choice than a product layout. Assume that you are a mango farmer in India and you grow very good quality mangoes over there. Facility layout is the physical arrangement of equipment, offices, rooms and other resources within an organization. Capital intensity, Cost, Costs 1071 Words 5 Pages Facilities Layout Facilities layout refers to the arrangement of all equipment, machinery, and furnishings within a building envelope after considering the various objectives of the facility. Therefore, facilities that are configured according to individual functions or processes have a process layout.
Requirement of a skilled labour force having the capacity to do a variety of operations on a machine. Economy of manufacturing time Yes No 5. Items that are ordered frequently should be placed close together near the entrance of the facility, while those ordered less frequently remain in the rear of the facility. Therefore it results in duplication of similar type of machines needed for different lines of production. Advantages of product layout The following are the advantages of product layout: 1.
This will definitely increase the operational cost for any organization having cellular layout. Med-Plus Submitted To: Contents 1. The special abilities of the workers and supervisors can be utilized better if the machines ate arranged according to their functions. Since the area has already been selected. Evaluate your production space, your workforce and your ability to automate, before deciding on which layout will be the best solution for your business. Disadvantages of Product Layout The following are the disadvantages of product layout 1. Consequently, the inspection work will become difficult and inefficient.