Amalgamation of Nigeria Between 1900 -12 it was the one in which the two halves of the protectorate, inheriting a fundamentally different form of government and the major political and social structures that differed radically in the administrative and political styles. The acrimony that developed between MacGregor of Lagos and Lugard of the North over the towns of Kishi and Saki underlines the fact that these British officials acted as though they were representing separate states, not colonies belonging to the same colonial power. By the time he took up his appointment Girouard found that the two Nigerias had rival railway projects. But they are very shrewd. A small group of Yoruba were to be found in the extreme western areas of the Southern Nigerian Protectorate. Those who endorsed the amalgamation claim that the move allowed for the integration of services across the Northern and Southern Provinces and also helped bring the judicial and legal departments under the control of a lone Central Secretariat in Lagos. In general the people living in the river have been unaffected by pro either in blood or religion.
In the first place, Northern Nigeria was landlocked and could therefore; earn no direct revenue from duties on imports or exports. The consequences of this partial amalgamation were to haunt Nigeria for the next fifty years and many would argue that the Nigerian civil war had its roots in the form of amalgamation Lugard imposed on the country. They have no permanent friends and no permanent interests. When the amalgamation took effect, the British government sealed off the South from the North. His objective was to conquer the entire region and to obtain recognition of the British protectorate by its indigenous rulers, especially the Fulani emirs of the Sokoto Caliphate. S Freeman became Governor of Lagos Colony Jan. Instead the Southern Nigeria Protectorate made an annual grant of £34,000 in respect of the duties it was estimated it would be able to raise if it had its own port; but the Southern administration protested that effectively only £12,000 would in reality have been raised on the volume of external trade emanating from the North.
Despite the fact that the unification process developed embryonic problems and was greatly undermined by the persistence of different regional perspectives on governance between the Northern and Southern Provinces; the colonial masters never deemed it fit to put up ameliorative process that could have made the forced marriage work. Advantages and Disadvantages of Amalgamation in Nigeria Could something you never planned for do you some benefit? He was first employed by East Indian Company, by the Royal East African Company and then by the Royal Niger Company. He was arrested and charged with treason. Although Moor and Lugard signed an agreement with regard to their boundary west of the Niger, they were unable to settle that east of the Niger. And his dispatches to London between that time and January 1914 are extremely interesting. The unification was done for reasons rather than — had a ; and the colonial administration sought to use the budget surpluses in Southern Nigeria to offset this deficit.
MacGregor and Moor were equally anxious to amalgamate with the North so the railway that they both planned to extend from their seaboard to the interior could thus penetrate and open up their natural hinterlands without hindrance. But this is my opinion is well thought out, that we just have to mention the merger with workshops, not to celebrate him, as if it was the idea of our nation and leaders. However, note that amalgamation of Nigeria made it possible for everyone across the country to enjoy cheap livestock and other agricultural produce from the North. Was it not possible for them to allow these nations which they called tribes to evolve with minimum external influence and interference? The Northern Nigerian Government had taken powers from the beginning to exclude barristers from the Provincial Courts of the Protectorate. I had never experienced coup before nor did I know that it was a coup, thinking it was just a telephone fault; until a colleague of mine in the cabinet Chief Abiodun Akerele, came in and told me there had been a military coup.
While the lower classes remained , a fairly civilized system of administration, with an efficient judicial and fiscal organization, was established in the territories. Sharia had been a sticking point in Nigerian politics for decades. It was like trying to make a political alliance between France, Germany and Great Britain. There was argument about the administration of duties on goods landed on the coast and carried into Northern Nigeria. For instance, Belgium was able to combine two separate and different nationalities successfully. The emirs retained their caliphate titles but were responsible to British district officers, who had final authority.
The use of religious and ethnic appeals as tools of political mobilization will become less attractive and find a diminished reception in a climate of justice, equitable resource distribution, and equal opportunities for all. How were conflicts of interest between neighbouring countries administered by the same colonial power to be solved, or projects of mutual economic interest to be advanced? In 1914, the British Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were amalgamated by Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard, a mercenary, soldier, explorer and colonial administrator. The principal source of friction lay on the boundary between Northern Nigeria on the one hand and the Lagos and Southern Protectorate on the other. Recently, I've heard about how one or two countries that parted ways with the former, trust me when I say that they aren't faring well. Between 1947 and 1959 Nigerian nationalist leaders from different regional, ethnic, and religious communities came together in a series of conferences and parliaments to negotiate the transition to self-rule and to map out a common future. When in 1900 the protectorate passed from the Foreign Office to the Colonial Office, Ralph Moor became High Commissioner of Southern Nigeria and laid the foundations of the new administration, his health failing, he retired on pension on 1 October 1903.
This was a result of his successful military campaign in the north, which was on the 1st of January, 1900. I entered parliament in December 12, 1959. Of these the Munshi, who inhabit the district nearest the junction of the with the , were long noted for their intractability and hostility to strangers, whom they attacked with. He was first employed by East Indian Company, by the Royal East African Company and then by the Royal Niger Company. Anybody who wants to know the root cause of all the coups and our present problems, and who does not know the evolution Nigeria would just be looking at the matter superficially. He spends only 6 months each year.
Between 1898 and 1914, he sent a number of dispatches to London which led to the Amalgamation of 1914. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was elected Prime Minister. We, the members of the Balewa cabinet started meeting. They didn't call it Nigeria Peoples Congress. A Central Secretariat was instituted at , which was the seat of government, and the later the Legislative Council , was founded to provide a forum for representatives drawn from the provinces. It is my honour and privilege to present this great and historic book.