Information Technology usually refers to the underlying hardware and networks used to provide data where and when nece … ssary. Extortion is robber if the former is accompanied violence i. Robbery is when there is someone is around. However, the quantum of punishment for robbery is much more in comparison with the crime when compared to certain offences which result in causing of death and the punishment for the same is very less, like for Death due to Negligence. This breaking can include actions such as forcing open a door, or constructive, such as by fraud or threats etc. It is more serious offense than robbery. It is another form of Robbery.
Each of these offences is distinguished from another on the basis of small pivotal differences. In Dacoity, there should be 5 or more person. Robbery vs Extortion You are walking in the woods in the evening, and a man suddenly emerges with a gun in his hand and threatens to kill you, if you do not give him the valuables and cash you are carrying on your person. Section 394 in The Indian Penal Code — Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery. It maybe is committed on immovable property only when it is in the form of extortion Number of Offenders Theft is committed by one or more persons.
The essence of the offence of robbery is that the offender for committing theft or for carrying away or attempting to carry away the looted property, voluntarily causes or attempts to cause death or hurt or wrongful restraint. If the robbery is committed on the highway between sunset and sunrise, then the period of imprisonment may be extended up to 14 years. Difference between Robbery and Dacoity lies in the number of participants in committing the offense. Punishment for Extortion Punishment for extortion, which is similar to that of theft, has been given under Section 384 of The Indian Penal Code, 1860. By this section, any person who commits robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment which may be extended up to ten years and shall also be liable to pay a fine. Impersonation: The thief uses stolen documents to impersonate someone, for profit, revenge, theft, or even just to satisfy mentally ill desires.
Information Systems usually refers specifically to the software used to transform raw data into information from which decisions may be based. Explanation: The offender is said to be present if he is sufficiently near to put the other person in fear of instant death, of instant hurt, or of instant wrongful restraint. It is another form of Robbery. In extortion, the items are taken with consent, though against the free and independent will of the victim. Burglary is the intention to break into a building without any consent with the intent of committing a crime inside. In most cases of extortion, the fear of shameful situation because of public exposure remains behind the reason why a victim pays money to the extortionist.
Section 392 in The Indian Penal Code — Punishment for robbery. The criminal will just pretend to walk into the place normally. The third stage is the stage of attempting to commit and lastly the stage of the actual commission of a robbery. Usually money is involved, as with blackmail or racketeering. Robbery, on the other hand, is a special and aggravated form of either theft or extortion. Frauds, Embezzlement are examples of theft.
It just requires the thing to be moved. It also provides explanations and illustrations so that the section is better construed. Theft can be considered as generic term for all the crimes in which a person intentionally takes the personal assets without the permission of owner. Explanation 2: A moving effected by the same act which affects the severance may be a theft. But whenever theft is accompanied by violence or fear of instant violence, the presence of the offender, and the delivery of the thing extorted, there is robbery.
In other words, 5 or more person should be concerned in the commission of the offence and they should commit or attempt to commit robbery. Theft becomes robbery if in the course of it the offender causes or attempts to cause death, hurt or wrongful restraint, or fear of instant death hurt or wrongful restraint. Robbery is an aggravated form of theft or extortion. If robbery is committed in the form of theft, then there is no delivery of property by the victim. By this section any person who commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment of up to three 3 years or with fine or with both.
The difference between robbery and extortion is that in robbery there is immediate threat to the victim whereas, in extortion the victim often willingly hands over money or property or valuables to avoid future violence or damage. After this, the group had forcefully deprived the Muslim people of their cattle. All of them are compoundable to each other and are differentiated by a thin line of difference. A theft occurs when an individual takes the property of another without consent, with the intention of permanently depriving that person of the property. Even a transfer that is transient in nature is sufficient to constitute theft under section 378. Extortion is an unlawful attempt to collect money Notice how i said attempt because the money doesn't even … have to be collected to be considered extortion. Dacoity is perhaps the only offence which the legislature has made punishable at four stages that is when 5 or more persons assemble for the purpose of committing a dacoity, each of them is punishable under section 402 merely on the grounds of joining the assembly.
If the convict has prior charges then years of punishment are added to the sentence of the victim. Robbery can be a small one such as taking away valuables from a person in the dark, to a bank heist involving more persons and weapons with lots more money being snatched away. Explanation 3: A person is said to cause a thing to move by removing an obstacle which prevented it from moving or by separating it from any other thing, as well as by actually moving it. But before analyzing that section, first, theft and extortion need to be understood separately. Robbery is different from theft in the sense that valuables are taken away from the possession of the victim in his presence.
Force and Violence: Theft: Thefts do not usually involve causing physical injury. Extortion is the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats. There is no element of force in theft. Hence, transitively in order to constitute theft amounting to robbery or extortion amounting to robbery, it is essential to fulfil the necessary ingredients of theft as defined under Section 378 and extortion as defined under Section 383. Extortion, theft, robbery and dacoity: Extortion occupies a middle place between theft and robbery or dacoity. Rigorous imprisonment up to ten years and fine. He was ill last year.