It is deposited in the river valleys and the flood plains. It is the topmost layer of the earth's crust and is a mixture of fine powdered rocks, organic matter, liquids, myriad organisms and other minerals. Important rocks which produce such soils are greisze, sand stone, basaltic rocks and granite. These soils are most typical of the Deccan trap Basalt region spread over north-west Deccan plateau and are made up of lava flows. Soils in the drier areas are more alkaline and can be productive after proper treatment and irrigation. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot.
The story made big news on the next day. The alluvial soils contain adequate potash, phosphoric acid and lime. Black soil is also known as 'regur' which is derived from a Telugu word 'reguda'. They are found along the edge of plateau in the east covering small parts of Tamil Nadu, and Orissa and a small part of Chhotanagpur in the north and Meghalaya in the north-east. They cover the plateaus of Mahrashtra, Saurashtra, Malwa and southern Madhya Pradesh and extends eastwards in the south along the Godavari and Krishna Valleys. It is very fertile and contributes the largest share of agricultural wealth. Test centuries : Test centuries.
In some regions this soil has the high percentage of soluble salts, but lacks in organic matter. It has large quantity of organic matter which is rich in humus upto 40-50 percent. The Rann of Kachchh in Gujarat is an extension of this area. Record in international cricket Man of the Series Awards :. These soils are somewhat acidic in nature. Dhoni is a right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper.
These humus rich organic soils are high in basic cations and have high fertility. Soil Types of India — Alluvial Soils — Black Soils — Characteristics, Chemical properties, Distribution, Divisions: Bhabar, Terai, Bhangar, Khadar. Soil is one of the major natural resources, like air and water. Due to its softness and fertility, alluvial soil is most suited to irrigation and can produce bumper crops of rice, wheat, maize, sugar cane, tobacco, cotton, jute, oilseeds, etc. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Shortage of water in the arid regions is the primary limiting factor for agriculture. In Eastern Ghats, the deltaic soils of Godawari, Krishna and Kaveri rivers are black, humid and sandy.
Such soils are very common in north Gujarat and Ahmedabad. Answer: Any soil which is made of layers is called horizon. In medieval times, the soils were classified on the basis of the external features such as texture, colour, slope of land and moisture content in the soil. He has a very high bat speed through the ball which often results in the ball racing across the ground. He did this against Pakistan on 30th December2012.
How soil formation proceeds is influenced by at least five classic factors that are intertwined in the evolution of a soil. It is very good for orchard crops. Crops cultivated in this soils require supplementing the good fertilizers. They occur in arid and semi-arid regions, and in waterlogged and swampy areas. Desert soil is majorly consistÃof sand.
Characteristics of the mountain soil depending on the climate of the region can be divided into two broad groups: 1 Loamy Podzols, and 2 High Altitude Soils. In the snow-bound areas of the Himalayas, they experience denudation, and are acidic with low humus content. It has different types of soils. In the Indo-Ganga plain, two other types of alluvium found. Reader Interactions Shashank and Ravi: The forest soils vary in structure and texture depending on the mountain environment where they are formed. Maize, barley, wheat and temperate fruits are grown in this soil in the Himalayan region. In coastal regions some alluvial deposits are formed due to wave action.
Organic matters are accumulated in poorly decomposed conditions on account of the lack of oxidation and poor drainage conditions. Due to high fertility and capacity to hold moisture, black soil is widely used for producing cotton, wheat, linseed, millets, tobacco and oilseeds. Semi-arid to sub-humid, tropical to sub-tropical monsoon type climate with alternate dry and wet periods and calcification All lateritic soils are poor in calcium, magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus and potash. Geologically, the alluvium is divided into recent alluvium which is known as Khadar and old alluvium, as bhangar. They have been brought down and deposited by three great over the Himalayan rivers- Sutlej, Ganga and Brahmaputra- and their tributaries. Michael Hussey from Australia replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010.
He started building a good partnership with Gautam Gambhir. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19s' 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Black soil is dark and fine-grained. It is important to uncover such origins to find how and where such deposits may have formed over tens of thousands of years ago.
Their water-absorbing capacity is very low Cultivation on such soils depends upon irrigation and rainfall. Alkali soils are barren and are also called usars in Hindi. Â· Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R. The soils in India are divided into 2 broad categories based on their formation. Hence these soils are called as regur and black cotton soils. Some trees of deserts are Prosopis, Acacia, Albizzia lebbeck, Dalburgia sisspo, etc. It is rich in iron oxide and aluminium compound.