Career Upon his return to Lagos in September 1893, he resumed work with the colonial service as a surveyor of Crown Lands. In London, Macaulay presented himself as Oluwa's private secretary and as a representative of the Oba and in the capacity he made statements which the colonial authorities felt were inimical to their interest. Olayinka Herbert Samuel Heelas Badmus Macaulay 14 November 1864 — 7 May 1946 was a Nigerian nationalist, politician, engineer, architect, journalist, and musician and is considered by many Nigerians as the founder of Nigerian nationalism. During the 1920s, a period in Nigerian history associated with the beginning of political agitation for self-rule, Macauley became a leading figure in the first generation of Nigerian Nationalists. But in Lagos, there was no doubt that he was the driving force and real power behind the scenes.
He agitated against the payment of water rates in 1915 and, as a leader of the Lagos auxiliary of the Antislavery and Aborigines Protection Society, led the opposition against government plans to reform land tenure arrangements in Lagos and Yorubaland. Behind all three lived the real Lagosians, the masses of indigenous Yoruba people, disliked and generally ignored by their privileged neighbours. A devastated Herbert later married Maria Pase but some records indicated that he also kept a string of mistresses who bore him a battalion of children. He left the service as land inspector in September 1898 due to growing distaste for the British rule over the Lagos Colony and the position of Yorubaland and the Niger Coast Protectorate as British colonies in all but name. Both court cases were fought through the court system in Nigeria all the way to the Privy Council, the highest court of appeal in the British empire, which in both instances, found in favour of the Nigerian appellant. Road Conditions, Temporary Road diversions, Local on road events can affect directions! In 1921 he went to London with the Eleko of Lagos to act as his translator in the legal appeal of a local land tenure case. Macaulay's profile in Lagos was enhanced by the Oluwa Land case.
He also reported on important developments of people of African descent throughout the world. In 1931 relations between Macaulay and the British began to improve up to the point that the governor even held conferences with Macaulay. Private life Macaulay married Caroline Pratt, daughter of an African Superintendent of Police in December 1898. He became the school's first principal, a mighty achievement in those days and was also a very close friend of Sir John Glover while he was the Administrator of Lagos. In 1915, the government acquired a large area of 255 acres on the Lagos mainland belonging to the family of Chief Oluwa, one of the White Cap chiefs who belonged to the Idejo or land-owning class in Lagos; however, the compensation it offered the Oluwa family was very low.
Tafawa Balewa was prime minister and head of govt by m : 8:04am On Nov 28, 2014. Through his antigovernment activities Macaulay rose to preeminence in Lagos politics. He had an opportunistic streak. Get to know how much would be the. Thomas Babington Macaulay was one of the sons of Ojo Oriare while Abigail Crowther was the daughter of Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther, a descendant of King Abiodun. Though the main thing is that the deal of Herbert Macaulay was not left without continuation — Nigeria became independent soon after he died and Azikiwe, his partner, became the first president of Nigeria. Want to get bigger driving directions Map? He also galvanized the Ilu Committee composed of the Oba of Lagos and traditional chiefs in Lagos to oppose some of the colonial policies.
Receiving his early education in the mission schools of Lagos, Macaulay in 1881 became a clerk in the Public Works Department in Lagos. Too many people have forgotten about the one Naira coin, and the chap on that coin. Macaulay belonged to a distinguished missionary family with roots in the abolition movement and Sierra Leone colony. He published many articles in the Lagos Daily Times. While the family did not oppose government acquisition of the land itself, they sued the government in court for a much higher amount of compensation.
Chief Obafemi Awolowo: Chief Obafemi Awolowo was born on March 6, 1909 in Ogun state. He was recognized as a promising civil servant and in 1890 was awarded a government scholarship to study civil engineering in England, where he spent 3 years. Born in Lagos, Herbert Macaulay was the son of the Reverend Thomas Babington Macaulay, prominent Lagos missionary and educator, and the maternal grandson of Samuel Ajayi Crowther, first African bishop of the Niger Territory. Caring for the kids sapped his pockets but he had no option. He left his position in 1898 due to growing distaste for the British rule over the Lagos Colony and the position of Yorubaland and the Niger Coast Protectorate as British colonies in all but name. In 1890, Macauley obtained a scholarship to study in Plymouth, where he qualified as a land surveyor and a civil. He went as interpreter and private secretary to London with the chief appellant, Chief Oluwa.
Many of his papers are housed at the University of Ibadan and they include correspondence with leaders of different international black organisations as well as some of their publications. Macaulay's Lagos Daily News published a rumor that because of the Privy Council's decision, the British Colonial Government in Lagos planned to blow up Oba Eleko's vehicle. Born in Lagos, Herbert Macaulay was the son of the Reverend Thomas Babington Macaulay, prominent Lagos missionary and educator, and the maternal grandson of Samuel Ajayi Crowther, first African bishop of the Niger Territory. He alongside Abubakar Tafawa Balewa took active roles in the struggle for an independent Nigeria. At this time, Macaulay was 80 years old, but still appeared physically strong and mentally alert, but his insistence in undertaking a strenuous campaign against the constitutional proposals of 1945 proposed by Governor Richards taxed his strength. On 14 June 1921, the Privy Council ruled in favour of Chief Oluwa: that communal land-ownership was legally recognized and that due compensation should be paid. After going to a Christian missionary school, he took a job as a clerical assistant and indexer at the Department of Public Works, Lagos.
Macaulay addressed himself to numerous issues, usually in articles he contributed to the Lagos Daily Times. Whole sections of colonial government files and telegrams can be found in the Maculay Papers at the Africana section of the Library at the University of Ibadan. Born in Lagos, Herbert Macaulay was the son of the Reverend , prominent Lagos missionary and educator, and the maternal grandson of , first African bishop of the Niger Territory. He was acknowledged to be a promising young civil servant and in 1890 was awarded a scholarship by the government. Even after her death, he maintained good relations with the Pratt family and saw to their welfare.
Often he published news relating to the wider black world as well as the activities and views of Nigerian students abroad, especially those who went to the United States. But when the moment was right, he became national. Thomas Babington Macaulay was one of the sons of Ojo Oriare while Abigail Crowther was the daughter of Bishop , a descendant of King. In Nigeria of today where many men struggle to keep and cope with one job, Herbert Macaulay was a clerk, civil engineer, architect, surveyor, land inspector, journalist, musician, nationalist and politician. In London, Macaulay proclaimed that the British colonial government was eroding the power and authority of the eleko, who, he said, was recognized by all Nigerians as the rightful king of Lagos.
Herbert started his tertiary education at , which the British established in 1827 to train talented English speaking West Africans to serve the colonial government in various administrative positions. Though, the party's major function was to put candidates into the legislative council, it had a broader objective of promoting democracy in Nigeria, increasing higher Nigerian participation in the social, economic and educational development of Nigeria. He opposed every attempt by the British authorities to expand their administration, interpreting these developments as detrimental to the interests of indigenous Nigerians, who inevitably would be forced to pay the bills in taxes. Macaulay was also a member of the Association of Babalawos Ifa priests of Lagos. Amodu Tijani Oluwa, a traditional chief, had challenged the compulsory acquisition without compensation of his family land in Apapa.