If anyone be guilty of incest with his mother after his father, both shall be burned. While the Code of Hammurabi was trying to achieve equality, biases still existed towards those categorized in the lower end of the social spectrum and some of the punishments and justice could be gruesome. A partial copy exists on a 2. The field, garden, and house return to their owners. If the slave will not give the name of the master, the finder shall bring him to the palace; a further investigation must follow, and the slave shall be returned to his master. The tight boat he shall give to the boat owner. If the merchant cheat the agent, in that as the latter has returned to him all that had been given him, but the merchant denies the receipt of what had been returned to him, then shall this agent convict the merchant before God and the judges, and if he still deny receiving what the agent had given him shall pay six times the sum to the agent.
Documents juridiques de l'Assyrie et de la Chaldee. If any one take money from a merchant, and give the merchant a field tillable for corn or sesame and order him to plant corn or sesame in the field, and to harvest the crop; if the cultivator plant corn or sesame in the field, at the harvest the corn or sesame that is in the field shall belong to the owner of the field and he shall pay corn as rent, for the money he received from the merchant, and the livelihood of the cultivator shall he give to the merchant. If the agent is careless, and does not take a receipt for the money which he gave the merchant, he cannot consider the receipted money as his own. If anyone hires a ship of sixty gur, he shall pay one-sixth of a shekel in money as its hire per day. Naylor, Dahia Ibo Shabaka, 1999. If the owner do not bring witnesses to identify the lost article, he is an evil-doer, he has traduced, and shall be put to death.
Punishments for someone assaulting someone from a lower class were far lighter than if they had assaulted someone of equal or higher status. Although, the punishment is different for different classes of offenders and victims. If anyone hire an ox, and God strike it that it die, the man who hired it shall swear by God and be considered guiltless. If a State slave or the slave of a freed man marry the daughter of a free man, and children are born, the master of the slave shall have no right to enslave the children of the free. If he give a male or female slave away for forced labor, and the merchant sublease them, or sell them for money, no objection can be raised.
If the tiller, because he did not succeed in the first year, has had the soil tilled by others, the owner may raise no objection; the field has been cultivated and he receives the harvest according to agreement. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But the owner of the house shall try to follow up and recover his property, and take it away from the thief. If anyone, a cow or a sheep. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. If there was no purchase price he shall give her one mina of gold as a gift of release. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.
If she is guiltless, and there is no fault on her part, but he leaves and neglects her, then no guilt attaches to this woman, she shall take her dowry and go back to her father's house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. If a physician heals the broken bone or diseased soft part of a man, the patient shall pay the physician five shekels in money. If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death. If he were a freed man he shall pay three shekels.
If he hold the slaves in his house, and they are caught there, he shall be put to death. And he shall lose whatever commission was paid to him, or due him. If anyone be on a journey and entrust silver, gold, precious stones, or any movable property to another, and wish to recover it from him; if the latter do not bring all of the property to the appointed place, but appropriate it to his own use, then shall this man, who did not bring the property to hand it over, be convicted, and he shall pay fivefold for all that had been entrusted to him. If the slave that he caught run away from him, then shall he swear to the owners of the slave, and he is free of all blame. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house.
If a chieftain or a man be caught in the misfortune of a king, if his son is able to enter into possession, then the field and garden shall be given to him, he shall take over the fee of his father. If anyone deceive a barber, and have him mark a slave not for sale with the sign of a slave, he shall be put to death, and buried in his house. She may then marry the man of her heart. If after the woman had entered the man's house, both contracted a debt, both must pay the merchant. If they are from another country, the buyer shall declare the amount of money paid therefor to the merchant, and keep the male or female slave.
If anyone fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free. If a man have no claim on another for corn and money, and try to demand it by force, he shall pay one-third of a mina of silver in every case. If the free-born woman had no gift she shall take all that her husband and she had earned and divide it into two parts; and the master of the slave shall take one-half and she shall take the other for her children. If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off. If a merchant entrust money to an agent broker for some investment, and the broker suffer a loss in the place to which he goes, he shall make good the capital to the merchant. If the prisoner dies in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall convict the merchant before the judge. If a man rent his boat to a sailor, and the sailor is careless, and the boat is wrecked or goes aground, the sailor shall give the owner of the boat another boat as compensation.
If a man betroths a girl to his son, and his son has intercourse with her, but he the father afterward defile her, and be surprised, then he shall be bound and cast into the water drowned. The son of the wife is to partition and choose. If anyone who has not lost his goods state that they have been lost, and make false claims: if he claims his goods and amount of injury before God, even though he has not lost them, he shall be fully compensated for all his loss claimed. If a man do not give a dowry to his daughter by a concubine, and no husband; if then her father die, her brother shall give her a dowry according to her father's wealth and secure a husband for her. If a builder build a house for someone and complete it, he shall give him a fee of two shekels in money for each sar of surface.
If anyone impresses an ox for forced labor, he shall pay one-third of a mina in money. If any one steal cattle or sheep, or an ass, or a pig or a goat, if it belong to a god or to the court, the thief shall pay thirtyfold therefor; if they belonged to a freed man of the king he shall pay tenfold; if the thief has nothing with which to pay he shall be put to death. William David Thomas, Gareth Stevens 2008 p. If a man adopt a child and to his name as son, and rear him, this grown son cannot be demanded back again. Women could also receive punishments that their male counterparts would not, as men were permitted to have affairs with their servants and slaves, whereas married women would be harshly punished for committing adultery. If anyone by a male or female slave and a third party claim it, the seller is liable for the claim. If she have not been a careful mistress, have gadded about, have neglected her house and have belittled her husband, that woman shall be thrown into the water.