Out of the total population of 20,000 Native-Americans in southern New England at the time, an estimated 2,000 were killed, another 3,000 had died of sickness and starvation, around 1,000 were captured and sold into slavery, and an estimated 2,000 fled to join the Iroquois in the west or the Abenaki in the north. Around 600 English colonists were killed and twelve towns completely destroyed with many more towns suffering damages. The war is named for King Philip, also known by his Wampanoag name of , who was the son of the late Wampanoag chief Massasoit. It took place between 1675 and 1678. Metacomet led the opponents of the English, with the goal of stopping Puritan expansion. Soon after hostilities were commenced by Philip, the Tarrenteens began their depredations in New Hampshire and the Province of Maine. About Rebecca Beatrice Brooks Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the writer and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog.
During this time Reverend Elliot wanted to convert the tribe to Christianity. Meanwhile, Captain Benjamin Church and his soldiers began sweeping Plymouth, Mass for Philip and the Wampanoags. Nearly all of the inhabitants died including women, children, and elders. Massasoit had two sons, Metacom and Wamsutta. The effects of the war, on both the colonists and the natives, were disastrous. Random raids and skirmishes continued in northern New England until a treaty was signed at Casco Bay in April 1678.
That there be henceforward a firme peace between the Indians and English. Competition for resources created friction. The Narragansetts, Wampanoags, Podunks, Nipmucks, and several smaller bands were virtually eliminated as organized bands, and even the Mohegans were greatly weakened. The principal exciter of the Indians was Philip, sachem of the Wampanoags, son and successor of Masassoit, who fifty years before, had made a treaty with the colony of. Thereafter, Indian allies shocked and terrified New England. Philip led his tribe and a coalition of the Nipmuck, Pocumtuck and Narraganset tribes in an uprising against the colonists and their allies, the Mohegans and the Mohawks, that lasted 14 months. They saw them increasing in numbers, and rapidly extending their settlements.
On his arrival, he placed his men in ambushes round the swamp, charging them not to move until daylight, so they might distinguish Philip, should he attempt to escape. From this defeat the Indians never recovered. All around him he saw sinful activity: periwigs, high prices, tippling in the ordinary, even people leaving the Sunday meeting before it ended. On July 19, a skirmish occurred near Pocasset swamp when Massachusetts and Plymouth troops ran into a party of natives and two of their advance guard were killed. Sometimes the cattle of the English would come into the cornfields of my people, for they did not make fences like the English.
On August 22, a group of unidentified natives kill seven colonists at Lancaster, Mass. Throughout the campaigns, a Wabanaki leader named Mugg Hegone repeatedly attacked towns such as Black Point, Wells, and Damariscove, building an Indian navy out of the approximately 40 sloops and a dozen 30-ton ships previously armed by the militia. D a Wampanoag chief who led Native American warriors against English settlers during the war. In the end, however, Native American opposition in Rhode Island was , and nearly all of the colony was opened to white settlement. The Narragansetts, for example, destroyed all white settlements in Rhode Island on the western side of the bay, including , which they burned in March 1676.
When the troops had effected an entrance, they attacked the Indians, who fought desperately, and compelled the English to retire out of the fort; but after a hard fought battle of three hours, they became masters of the place, and set fire to the wigwams, to the number of five or six hundred, and in the conflagration many Indian women and children perished. The war is named after Philip, the adopted English name of Metacom or Metacomet , a Wampanoag sachem chief. King Philip's War, the excruciating racial war colonists against Indians that erupted in New England in 1675, was, in proportion to population, the bloodiest in American history. The colonists arrested the three men, tried them and executed them at Plymouth plantation on June 8. Some people even rode to other towns on the pretext of going to lecture but really frequented taverns.
It wreaked havoc on the economy. Their loss in killed and wounded was considerable. I had often wondered why King Philip continued to sell his land, even while planning the uprising, and this answers that question. He united Greek leagues and wanted to defeat the Persians. The Massachusetts and Plymouth forces immediately marched to that place, and the next day charged the enemy in their recesses. A tentative peace followed, but when whites executed three Wampanoags for murdering a Christian Indian informer, warriors attacked and plundered nearby farms. In February of 1676, Native forces swept east; Boston seemed threatened.
The war is named for , the son of and chief of the. Beers was buried at the spot and his grave can be found next to the Linden Hill School near the intersection of South Mountain Road and Lyman Hill Road. He was shot and killed by an Indian named John Alderman on August 12, 1676. The men were sentenced to death. The natives set the grass on the hill on fire and when the soldiers tried to escape, they attacked and killed around 30 soldiers.
Philip fell in 1676, shot by an Indian in 's mixed force. In 1675 three Wampanoag men were tried and executed by the British for the killing of a converted Wampanoag male. Russia left the alliance with Germany and Austria and joined France and Britain. They robbed the boats and plundered the houses of the English. The towns of the Connecticut colony were largely unharmed in the war, although more than 100 Connecticut militia died in their support of the other colonies. Amongother problems, the general encroachment of … the colonists on Nativeland, along with broken or at least ambiguously upheld agreementsand treaties, led Natives to become increasingly restless, withKing Philip or Metacomet finally emerging as the dynamic leaderin their ultimately unsuccessful fight against the colonists. But he still remained their friend until he died.
Over the next six months, colonial and Native American raiding parties ranged over modern-day , , , and even coastal. He told them only one thing could turn God from his displeasure and spare Massachusetts from the heathen: a thorough reformation of provoking evils. At that moment the major charged. Although the had attempted to stay neutral, individual Narragansett warriors had participated clandestinely in raids on colonial strongholds and militia. Hubbard also thought military ineptitude and overconfidence prolonged the bloodshed. Other attacks that spring took place at Plymouth and Longmeadow, Massachusetts.