I was born in Istria and up to now, without having ever been asked, I have been honored with four citizenships: Austrian, Italian, Yugoslav and Croatian. Culture, defined in terms of art, music, fashion, cuisine, and so on, might be the broadest and perhaps also the easiest place to think about hybridity. The Italianization policies enacted by the fascist This content downloaded from 121. It includes monographs and targeted edited collections that provide new insights into this important and evolving subject area. The case of Croatia is especially sensitive. Bhabha includes interpretations of hybridity in postcolonial discourse. However if we go to the historic translation of the term 18th century england so named the lower class plebeian masses sans culottes because they did not wear the upper class breeches.
In that sense, it demonstrates the usefulness of comparative anthropology, but only in part, for it draws in a number of parallels from other parts of the world without attempting a systematic comparison between the Istrian case and any other. The policy-makers could take the opportunity to make a concrete formulation of the problem against the background of the dream of the new Europe. This content downloaded from 121. It was common among the Greeks and Romans. The first ethnic-religious group given juridical status as a corporate, communal body was that of the Jews, followed by the Greek Orthodox, Armenian Uniate, Serbian Orthodox, Lutheran, and Calvinist communities.
Purity, Impurity, and the Problematic of Race in the Adriatic Borderlands Extensive ethnic and linguistic diversity, on the one hand, and virulent and exclusive articulations of identity, on the other, have characterized Istria and the Julian March, along with the Balkans and Eastern Europe more broadly, since at least the nineteenth century. In this sense, notions of purity and hybridity often represent stereotypic and oppositional idealizations. It also asks whether this is the characteristic that marks this writing as specifically Australian. Questioning Hybridity, Postcolonialism and Globalization. If we deny the possibility that theory can travel at all, we risk treating it like an autochthonous plant theory d. Hybridity and its discontents: Politics, science, culture.
Afterwards, in the Virgin Gorda Yacht Harbour, on the dock by his sailboat, I happened to meet Will Mudge from Kagawong on Manitoulin. Such claims work, albeit incompletely, to deflect charges about opportun- This content downloaded from 121. Indeed, it is hard to think of even a single example in postcolonial literature where this very particular kind of subversion is in effect. Joe Bandy, Robert Hayden, Marilyn Reizbaum, and Nikolai SsorinChaikov read drafts of this particular article. During the late Hapsburg period, Austrian ethnographers character3. In proposing an extension of the regionalist approach to Croatia, the Istrian regionalists beg the question of how to deal with the demographic changes brought about by the wars of the 1990s.
From the other direction, I do not mean to minimize the rich and ever-growing body of work by Croatian and other anthropologists examining identity in Istria and other border areas in the former Yugoslavia—work to which my own research remains indebted. Thus protecting the autochthonous Italian language and culture in Istria is posited as vital to preserving a hybrid Istrian culture. Another likely influence on nineteenth- and earlytwentieth-century Italian nationalist claims to the Adriatic is the work of German political geographers such as Ratzel and Penke. When using Istrian place-names, I give the Italian variant first, followed by the Croatian or Slovene. Perhaps, we, as cultural, linguistic hybrids, can use these flashes that become clean, loving global wishes for connection and community.
Prominent in the emerging Triestine elite were members of the religiously defined nations nazioni recognized by Maria Theresa and Joseph. A number of arguments have followed in which promoters and detractors argue the uses of hybridity theory. The brava gente myth maintains that Italians understand themselves as members of humanity first and a nation only secondarily if at all. Cultures that stay still too long, many artists and musicians would argue, ossify and die. New York: Columbia University Press. Despite the civilizing, assimilationist projects of both the Venetian empire and the Italian fascist regime, the culture of Adriatic Slavs is often considered as nearly fatal in its inescapability or its lack as a presumed biological heritage. A year of my life was happily spent sailing aboard Yacht Quadriga, a 40-foot yawl.
By discussing the issues underlying the politics of and attitudes toward language and identity in the Philippines, I hope to reflect more critically on how we may shift attitudes in order to better address these problems within our pedagogical practices. New York: Columbia University Press. In illustrating my arguments with examples from Isˇ apo trian intellectuals, my article struck readers like C ˇ Zmegacˇ and Skalnı´k as focusing on elite discourse alone. A border is a boundary of demarcation; conceptual or concrete, it is an expression of dualist thought—a bi-order, if you will. For all those reasons, it may not be that useful to speak of hybridity in general. According to him, by clearing this concept of its negative biological associations, Bhabha evades the discussion of the problematic issue of race and racism, which should, paradoxically, be a central concern in hybridity theory.
New York: Oxford University Press. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Under colonialism and in the context of immigration, mimicry is seen as an opportunistic pattern of behavior: one copies the person in power, because one hopes to have access to that same power oneself. Edited by Pheng Cheah and Bruce Robbins, pp. This is not a matter of whether theory can travel effectively but, rather, of how favoring certain theoretical discourses obscures others.
The next phase in the use of the term has been to see hybridity as a cultural effect of globalization. Dominant Languages: Language and Hierarchy in Britain and France. . This content downloaded from 121. Not only does translingualism appear to lack theoretical grounding in previous L2 writing research, scholars have also noted that students may be ill-equipped to engage in code-meshing if they lack proficiency in established varieties of the target language. When Yugoslavia dissolved, refugees appropriated these apartments, sometimes with the connivance of locals and sometimes in the face of their opposition, thereby creating their own refugee quarter.