It is very necessary to first firer. It is sown in October last and collected from March-April every year. It is an important source of raw material for many agro based industries. It is largely grown in Punjab, Haryana, West U. The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India.
One study suggests Indian agricultural policy should best focus on improving rural infrastructure primarily in the form of irrigation and flood control infrastructure, knowledge transfer of better yielding and more disease resistant seeds. Green Revolution is successful in some areas due to the use of chemical fertilizers and irrigation. This is testified by the success story of agricultural progress in Punjab Haryana and western part of Uttar Pradesh where over half of the cropped area is under irrigation! However, it covers only one-third of the total cultivated area. P, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. It was second to maize corn in the quantity produced of cereal products. Though the available nutritional standard is 100% of the requirement, India lags far behind in terms of intake at 20% which is to be tackled by making available protein rich food products such as eggs, meat, fish, chicken, etc. However, agriculture continues to be the source of livelihood for about 50% of the working population, three-quarters of which is based in the rural parts of India.
Many market surveys have revealed that middlemen take away about 48 per cent of the price of rice, 52 per cent of the price of grounduts and 60 per cent of the price of potatoes offered by consumers. Need for mechanisation was specially felt with the advent of Green Revolution in 1960s. Whereas out of the total production of Jowar in the nation, 52% is from Maharashtra. Intensive Farming records high production per unit of land. It is used for manufacturing of paper.
Type of Crop: Zaid Varieties: White Jute, Tossa Jute Temperature: 24-35 °C. This type of agriculture involves growing and processing of a single cash crop purely meant for sale. After the development of diversified product of jute fibre and due to growing concern about the environment pollution, the importance of jute has again revived. Plants and animals—considered essential to survival by the Indians—came to be worshiped and venerated. Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala account for about 95 per cent of total tea production. Other major pulse producing states include Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
The per capita availability of pulses has been gradually declining on account of the serious shortfalls in production. Large tracts in Punjab and Haryana have been rendered useless areas affected by salinity, alkalinity and water-logging , due to faulty irrigation. In order to maintain the quality of the fertilizers, 52 fertilizer quality control laboratories have been set up in different parts of the country. Several studies suggest India could eradicate its hunger and malnutrition and be a major source of food for the world by achieving productivity comparable with other countries. The announcement led to major political controversy. For food staples, the annual growth rate in production during the six-year segments 1970-76, 1976—82, 1982—88, 1988—1994, 1994-2000 were found to be respectively 2. Keep giving us more information and ideas.
Like rice, wheat can also be grown by irrigation method in areas where rainfall is less than 75cm. In terms of rice production, the country holds the second position all over the world. At present there are number of agencies engaged in warehousing and storage activities. The only answer to this ticklish problem is the consolidation of holdings which means the reallocation of holdings which are fragmented, the creation of farms which comprise only one or a few parcels in place of multitude of patches formerly in the possession of each peasant. Agricultural scientist has played a vital role in the green revolution. They are: Rice It is grown in the plains of north and in the parts of north-eastern India; it is also cultivated in coastal and deltaic regions.
The land of the Sumer located in what is now called Fertile Crescent. The policy suggested that, as far as possible, land with low farming yields or that was not farmable should be earmarked for non-agricultural purposes such as construction, industrial parks and other commercial development. India is one of the world's five largest producers of livestock and , with one of the fastest growth rates, as of 2011. Agriculture has to provide food and employment to large sections of the society. Yuan Longping of China National Hybrid Rice Research and Development Centre set a world record for rice yield in 2010 at 19 tonnes per hectare in a demonstration plot. Rainfed farming is further classified on the basis of adequacy of soil moisture during cropping season into dryland and wetland farming. India has diversity in physiography, climate and soils, therefore, a variety of crops are cultivated.
Food travels to the Indian consumer through a slow and inefficient chain of traders. Despite the fact that agriculture accounts for as much as a quarter of the Indian economy and employs an estimated 60 percent of the labor force, it is considered highly inefficient, wasteful, and incapable of solving the hunger and malnutrition problems. However, the problem is not one of shortage of modern machinery. It produces 24% of the total pulses in the country. Preliminary estimates suggest that in 2009-10 the combined all India poverty rate was 32 % compared to 37 % in 2004-05.