He has not calculated a correlation coefficient. For each one, explain how at least part of the reason we may exhibit that process is to reduce cognitive dissonance. Explain how the response of reactance increases our sense of relative deprivation and decreases our feelings of consistency and control. Introduction to Social Psychology Chapter Exam Instructions Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Subjective experiences, potentials, and ideals. Term Fundamental Attribution Error Definition The tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositional influences upon others' behavior.
Which of these is an example of social cognition? In more recent studies, why have some psychologists found results that were different from those in Asch's original conformity experiments? People are generally trying to form accurate impressions of the world 4. Austrian psychologist Fritz Heider built on Weiner's attribution theory to distinguish between stable and uncontrollable causes in evaluating performance. In one study, researchers predicted that increasing a person's self-esteem should increase that person's ability to make friends. Term Locus of Control Definition The extent to which people perceive outcomes as internally controllable by their own efforts and actions or as externally controlled by chance or outside forces Term Low-ball Technique Definition A tactic for getting people to agree to something. Term Framing Definition The way a question or an issue is posed; framing can influence people's decisions and expressed opinions. Are applying psychological skills in a job situation. Be able to show that old age caused a decrease in memory span.
Term Overjustification Effect Definition The result of bribing people to do what they already like doing; they may then see their actions as externally controlled rather than intrinsically appealing. Make an error because age and memory span are unrelated. Culture A philosophy of life stressing the priority of individual needs over group needs, a preference for loosely knit social relationships, and a desire to be relatively autonomous of others influence. For example, jaguar speed -car Search for an exact match Put a word or phrase inside quotes. The information provided on this site is protected by U. Use each of the three social motives discussed in class to explain why we frequently make attributions.
Term Self-Awareness Definition A self-conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself. She decides to cross the street to avoid them. Term Experimental Research Definition Studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors independent variables while controlling others holding them constant Term False Consensus Effect Definition The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one's opinions and one's undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors. Why would Freudian psychoanalysis fall outside of the major themes of social psychology? Cards Term hot perspectives Definition That people are moved to act due to needs, desires, and emotions also known as affect. Works opposite from the sympathetic system to rest and repair the body.
« » This exam covers material from through. It is always wrong and does not deal with behavior. Term Informed Consent Definition An ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate. The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to equate success with internal attributes. Once you are comfortable with the content of these sessions, you can review further by trying some of the practice questions before proceeding to the exam. Accepts what seems plausible and sensible. Term individualism Definition taught to take care of ourselves Our rights are more important than group rights.
Term Illusory Correlation Definition Perception of a relationship w here none exists, or perception of a stronger relationship that actually exists. Threaten people's self-concept in one domain and they will compensate either by refocusing or by doing deeds in some other domain. Which of the following statements regarding altruism is correct. Social Psych Exam 1 chapters 1-4 Social psychology Franzoi Question Answer The scientific discipline that attempts to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others. Group think results in impulsive decisions and the failure to look at all sides of an issue.
Studies animal rather than human behavior. Expert power is the power to punish. Also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon Term Hypothesis Definition A testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events. Her problem falls under which topic of social psychology? Term Regression toward the Average Definition The statistical tendency for extreme scores or extreme behavior to return toward one's average. Difficult to change because people underestimate their own role in creating the situation. Term Self-Esteem Definition A person's overall self-evaluation or sense of self-worth Term Self-Handicapping Definition Protecting one's self-image with behaviors that create a handy excuse for later failure. Which of the following statements regarding conformity and obedience is not true? Term Demand characteristics Definition Cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behavior is expected.
Of the effect of the observer on the observed. Seek knowledge for its own sake. Individualism A philosphy stressing the priority of group needs over individual needs, a preference for tightly knit social relationships and a willingness to submit to the influence of one's group. Term Impact Bias Definition Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events Term Independent Variable Definition The experimental factor that a research manipulates Term Individualism Definition The concept of giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications. Social Psychology The process by which someone's expectations ab out a person or group leads to the fulfillment of those expectations. How many ice cream cones has Dairy Queen sold? Explain how a stereotype of a Muslim could be primed in a person thus leading that person to engage in a particular behavior.