In addition, the greater quantities of constituents results in an increased level of osmolarity, which should result in greater quantities of urine as a result of osmosis. Higher levels of creatinine indicate a lower glomerular filtration rate and as a result a decreased capability of the kidneys to excrete waste products. Primary hypophosphaturia is characterized by direct excess excretion of phosphate by the , as from primary renal dysfunction, and also the direct action of many classes of on the kidneys. An increase in blood bilirubin results in jaundice, a condition characterized by a brownish-yellow pigmentation of the skin and of the of the eyes. In fact, these specimens generally suffice even for urine culture.
Urinalysis Lab Page 5 Red Blood Cells Hematuria is the presence of abnormal numbers of red cells in urine due to: glomerular damage, tumors which erode the urinary tract anywhere along its length, kidney trauma, urinary tract stones, upper and lower urinary tract infections, nephrotoxins, and physical stress. And if there is a low blood flow we will have a vasodilation. Observation of Whole Document All three documents are close in terms of length of paper. These analyses recognize that the best way to catch marijuana smokers is to check for the long-term metabolite stored in their fat cells. Electrolytes Indicates the presence of electrolytes as follows: Not Present - Present + Strongly Present ++ Own Urine D-1 Cl-. It is sometimes also called psychobiology, biopsychology, physiological psychology or behavioral neuroscience.
This will occur at each time interval of 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 90 minutes. Glycosuria leads to excessive water loss into the urine with resultant dehydration, a process called osmotic diuresis. Does bacteria in a urine sample always equal an infection? Words: 2734 - Pages: 11. A counter current also occurs at this step because the filtrate is moving one direction, while the vessel running along side of it has blood moving the other direction. A positive result for blood may be verified by observing the urine specimen under the microscope. In this experiment, tests will be undertaken of the urine sample in search of such substances. The same goes for sample 2.
With the sample in the cup, dip a Chem — 9 strip in the urine for 30 seconds. Glucose sugar should not be detected in normal urine. Be sure to use a graph that is appropriate for you data. Also it allows haemoglobin to release oxygen more frequently to the muscles which require it. Record whether the urine is negative, light, medium or dark dark means a lot of glucose. This microchemistry system has been available for many years and allows qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis within one minute by simple but careful observation.
If so, in which direction? Nowadays, obesity is a big problem among mankind especially in well-developed countries. Each group will need analyze the results for all solutions in order to complete the guided-inquiry activity. Depending on what colour you obtain from mixing the Benedicts with the urine, this will tell you the intensity of the sugars found in the urine. Fill a test tube about three-fourths of the way full and carefully insert the urinometer. However, drinking excessive amounts of water may cause inaccurate results. Examine the urine visually for odour and clarity, describe what you see and record this on results table.
Abstract Fertilizer is any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin other than liming materials that is added to soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. This is achieved by a rotor or impeller, which is driven by an external source of power to move a row of. Results: Test My Results Normal Abnormal Leukocytes Trace Negative Any major change from normal level Nitrite Negative Negative Any major change from normal level pH 5 4. In females, the specimen may cont contain vaginal contaminants such as trichomonads, yeast, and during menses, red cells. This is how it can fully metastasize spead to other organs or tissues. The statistics show that in this countries e.
Specifically the destruction of tiny blood vessels in the nephron which causes an altercation in the permeability of the nephrons. Finally, for glucose and urobillinogen, those test results came back as normal. Home commonly detect this substance. Renal hypertension usually causes no symptoms. Yes our group experienced gradual declining values becoming closer to 1.
Random collection taken at any time of day with no precautions regarding contamination. This situation normally arises in diabetes patients. It is now held in the bladder until it can be excreted. The three endogenous ketone bodies are acetone, acetoacetic acid, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid, although beta-hydroxybutyric acid is not technically a ketone but a carboxylic acid. Cells are the basic unit of life 2. Marijuana for the casual user will likely is gone entirely from blood and urine samples within ten days.